Deppea splendens (golden fuchsia)
Believed to be saved from extinction in its native home of Chiapas, Mexico through cultivation at three U.S. botanical gardens including SFBG, the show-stopping large yellow tubular flowers with contrasting deep-red calyx can take full sun/partial shade in the Bay Area.
Dahlia imperialis (tree dahlia)
Reaching up to 18', the nodding, bell-shaped flowers of this tree dahlia are a rich lavender or purple. SFBG also has a 'double white' cultivar that shouldn't be missed. Dahlias are the city flower of San Francisco.
Montanoa spp. (tree daisy)
The real show of the Mesoamerican Cloud Forest collection, these towering trees can reach over 50' and are covered with large white daisies. Several species are grown at SFBG, so be sure to look down on the forest floor, as well, for the petals some call "San Francisco snow."
Pinus pseudostrobus var. apulcensis
Previously known as the Oaxacan Pine, this graceful long-needled pine is most common in the highlands of Oaxaca, Mexico, but its range extends into Central America. It is an outstanding ornamental, best adapted to warm temperate climates and can take severe freezes and some drought. Because of the long drooping needles it is also known as "waterfall pine."
Telanthophora grandifolia (giant groundsel)
In their struggle for sunlight in the cloud forests of Central America, some normally herbaceous plants have a tree habit, developing huge leaves, large flowers and woody trunks. One such fascinating specimen, a member of the daisy family, grows over 18' tall, with large scalloped leaves up to 14' long and its dinner plate-size golden inflorescences (flower clusters).
A rare plant endemic to Chiapas, Mexico, this attractive tree has dark green leaves covered with red hairs, contrasting against clusters of white flowers. It is related to the kiwifruit and also has small, furry fruits that are sweet to eat. Native to the cloud forest, for cultivation it prefers our foggy coastal California.
Ceroxylon quindiuense (Andean wax palm)
Growing to 150 feet tall, this is the tallest recorded palm in the world. A protected species, in the wild it grows in dense stands in the Andes of South America. The genus Ceroxylonis special at SFBG, as it cannot be easily grown at other botanical gardens in the United States.
Brugmansia spp. (angel's trumpets)
Strikingly beautiful when in bloom, angel's trumpets are much sought after for their dramatic pendulous and fragrant flowers and the variety of their colors. Native to Central and South America, their "magical qualities" have been known and used by the native people of these countries for centuries.
Although first discovered in Bolivia, this plant is also found in Argentina and Peru. Not only does this lovely red flower attract hummingbirds, it also produces small sweet edible fruits. The cultivar, 'Alba' has a white calyx tube with scarlet petals.
Bomarea is a mostly vining plant closely related to Alstroemeria, a common garden plant popular as a cut flower. They are both cousins of the true lilies. Most of the more than 100 species of Bomarea grow in the Andes, but some reach north to Central America. A few are grown as ornamentals. They readily hybridize, and thus can be difficult to identify.
Iochroma is a genus of shrubs or small trees native to forests of South America. Their hummingbird-pollinated flowers are tubular and may be blue, purple, red, yellow, or white. Most are not frost hardy but do well at SFBG due to our mild winters.
Araucaria angustifolia (candelabra tree)
This conifer is critically endangered due to unsustainable commercial logging practices in Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. The mature trees possess a flat-topped crown with whorls of branches arching upward like a candelabra.