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Correa spp.Australian Fuchsia
 
Correa reflexa var. nummulariifolia at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Eric Hunt

Correa reflexa var. nummulariifolia at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Eric Hunt

Correa was first discovered in 1770 by Joseph Banks on the expedition to Botany Bay in Australia. It was named after the Portuguese philosopher and botanist, Jose Correia de Serra. There are 11 species, including three varieties and many cultivars. The opposite leaves are small, oval to rounded, two to seven centimeters long with the underside slightly felted and a shiny or matte upper surface. Their fuchsia-like flowers range from tubular to bell-shaped, and are formed by the fusion of four petals with the tips sometimes reflexed or curved outwards. The flowers are axillary (arise on the side) or terminal (arise at the tip) of the branches and can be solitary or in groups of three. Most Correa have a prolonged winter flowering time from October to April, can withstand temperatures down to 20 degrees and thrive in calcareous chalky soils. Most species need well-drained soil and enjoy full sun but also tolerate shade. They are not susceptible to disease and are quite drought-tolerant. In Australia they attract many birds as pollinators including honeyeaters. Many bicolored correas present a special color combination that attracts birds as pollinators; often orange or red at the base with bright yellow or green at the tips. These color combinations that attract pollinators are found in many other plants including Fuchsia, Erica, and Kniphofia species.

Correa reflexa var. nummulariifolia at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Eric Hunt Correa reflexa at San Francisco Botanical Garden by David Kruse-Pickler Correa baeuerlenii at San Francisco Botanical Garden by James Gaither Correa calycina at San Francisco Botanical Garden by James Gaither Correa alba at San Francisco Botanical Garden by David Kruse-Pickler Correa alba at San Francisco Botanical Garden at San Francisco Botanical Garden by James Gaither Correa Pulchella 'Wyn's Wonder' at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Joanne Taylor Correa pulchella 'Wyn's Wonder' at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Eric Hunt Correa 'Wyns Wonder' at San Francisco Botanical Garden by David Kruse-Pickler Correa 'Ivory Bells' at San Francisco Botanical Garden by James Gaither Correa backhouseana at San Francisco Botanical Garden by David Kruse-Pickler Correa 'Carpenter's Rocks' at San Francisco Botanical Garden by Joanne Taylor Correa reflexa 'Wallaby Bells' at San Francisco Botanical Garden by David Kruse-Pickler Correa 'Dusky Bells' at San Francisco Botanical Garden by David Kruse-Pickler Correa 'Dawn of Santa Cruz' at San Francisco Botanical Garden by David Kruse-Pickler
 

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Correa alba var. alba: this is the species that was collected by Banks at Botany Bay. It is quite different from other correas as the white flowers are split, giving the appearance of tiny stars (Bed 60A).

Correa backhouseana: endemic to Tasmania, this is a large shrub reaching up to 12 feet in height and width. The color of the pendulous tubular flowers varies from cream to pale green. The hybrid 'Ivory Bells' has ivory and tan flowers and originated in San Francisco (Bed 75B).

Correa pulchella: Often found growing on the Australian coastline at the base of certain Eucalyptus, the striking flowers vary from orange-pink to a deep pink. The plants can range from prostrate to upright shrubs up to three feet (Bed 59C). The cultivar 'Dusky Bells' is a dense groundcover with pink flowers (Bed 65). Another cultivar 'Wyn's Wonder' has gold variegated leaves with a uniform pink flower and this contrasting combination is one the most striking of the correas in the Garden (Bed 75A).

Correa 'Carpenter's Rocks': Short tubular flowers that are bright red with pale yellow tips. This is one of the more vibrant floral color combinations of this genus in the Garden (Bed 64C).

Profile
Scientific Name Correa spp.
Family Rutaceae
Plant Type Shrub
Environment Well-drained soil, thrives in both sun and shade and does well in a coastal Mediterranean climate.
Bloom October to April
Uses Works well as a perennial border, can be used to fill in spaces beneath other plants, and makes an excellent container plant
More Info Member of the Rutaceae family which also includes citrus. The leaves of all members of this family are glandular punctate, which can be seen with a hand lens as tiny white dots when held up to a light.

Botany Bay, the first location where Joseph Banks collected Correa, was orignally called Botanist Harbour by Captain James Cook.
Location

Correa spp. are located in the Australia Garden (Beds 59C, 60A, 64C, 64E, 75A and 75B.)

Visiting Info >>
Map (Bed Numbers) >>

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IN BLOOM CONTRIBUTORS:
Photos by Docent Joanne Taylor and visitors James Gaither and Eric Hunt; text and profile by Associate Curator David Kruse-Pickler

 
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Magnolia dawsoniana

Magnolia dawsoniana

January

Magnolia campbellii 'Strybing White'

Magnolia campbellii 'Strybing White'

February

Magnolia laevifolia'Strybing Compact'

Magnolia laevifolia 'Strybing Compact'

March

Aristolochia californica

Aristolochia californica

April

Chlorogalum pomeridianum

Chlorogalum pomeridianum

May

Arbutus menziesii

Arbutus menziesii

June

Romneya coulteri

Romneya coulteri

July

Cistus sp.

Cistus sp.

August

Rosmarinus sp.

Rosmarinus sp.

September

Dahlia spp.

Dahlia spp.

October

Salvia cacaliifolia

Salvia cacaliifolia

November

Salvia cacaliifolia

Salvia microphylla
'Hot Lips'

November

Magnolia campbellii

Magnolia campbellii

January

Magnolia denudata

Magnolia denudata

February

Magnolia x veitchii

Magnolia x veitchii

March

Iris douglasiana

Iris douglasiana

April

Aesculus californica

Aesculus californica

May

Vaccinium ovatum

Vaccinium ovatum

June

Sambucus racemosa

Sambucus racemosa

July

Sequoia sempervirens

Sequoia sempervirens

August

Asarum caudatum

Asarum caudatum

September

Deppea splendens

Deppea splendens

October

Montanoa spp.

Montanoa spp.

November

Bidens sp.

Bidens sp.

December

Acer palmatum 'Sango kaku'

Acer palmatum 'Sango kaku'

January

Magnolia campbellii 'Darjeeling'

Magnolia campbellii 'Darjeeling'

February

Bomaria spp.

Bomarea spp.

March

Rhododendron occidentale

Rhododendron occidentale

April

Polystichum munitum

Polystichum munitum

May

x Chiranthofremontia lenzii

x Chiranthofremontia lenzii

June

Salvia leucantha

Salvia leucantha

July

Hydrangea seemannii

Hydrangea seemannii

August

Wollemia nobilis

Wollemia nobilis

September

Cyathea cooperi

Cyathea cooperi

October

Pinus radiata

Pinus radiata

November

Correa spp.

Correa spp.

December

Garrya elliptica

Garrya elliptica

January

Magnolia x soulangeana

Magnolia x soulangeana

February

Senecio glastifolius

Senecio glastifolius

March

Ribes spp.

Ribes spp.

April

Oxalis oregana

Oxalis oregana

May

Calandrinia grandiflora

Calandrinia grandiflora

June

Taxus baccata

Taxus baccata

July

Romneya coulteri

Romneya coulteri

August

Passiflora parritae

Passiflora parritae

September

Malvaviscus arboreus

Malvaviscus arboreus

October

Monterey Cypress

Monterey Cypress

November

Aloe arborescens

Aloe arborescens

December

Aloe plicatilis

Aloe plicatilis

January

Banksia seminuda

Banksia seminuda

February

Zantedeschia elliottiana

Zantedeschia aethiopica

March

Magnolia laevifolia

Magnolia laevifolia

April

Araucaria heterophylla

Araucaria heterophylla

May

Toxicodendron diversilobum

Toxicodendron diversilobum

June

Clarkia sp.

Clarkia sp.

July

Agapanthus

Agapanthus

August

Brugmansia

Brugmansia

September

Cedrus spp.

Cedrus spp.

October

Protea repens

Protea repens

November

Camellia sinensis

Camellia sinensis

December

Thujopsis dolabrata

Thujopsis dolabrata

January

Gordonia longicarpa

Gordonia longicarpa

February

Rojasianthe superba

Rojasianthe superba

March

Echium spp.

Echium spp.

April

Iris douglasiana

Iris douglasiana

May

Digitalis purpurea

Digitalis purpurea

June

Felicia amelloides

Felicia amelloides

July

Ceroxylon quindiuense

Ceroxylon quindiuense

August

Amaryllis belladonna

Amaryllis belladonna

September

Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba

October

Acer morrisonense

Acer morrisonense

November

Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium

December

Picea sitchensis

Picea sitchensis

January

Telanthophora grandifolia

Telanthophora grandifolia

February

Aeonium arboreum 'Schwartzkopf'

Aeonium arboreum 'Schwartzkopf'

March

Leptospermum Spp.

Leptospermum

April

Salvia gesneraeflora

Salvia gesneraeflora

May

Lavandula spp.

Lavandula spp.

June

Pelargonium

Pelargonium

July

Fuchsia paniculata

Fuchsia paniculata

August

Luma apiculata

Luma apiculata

September

Luculia

Luculia

October

Arbutus unedo

Arbutus unedo

November

Cycads

Cycad

December

Restionaceae

Restionaceae

January

Hellebores

Hellebores

February

Ceanothus

Ceanothus

March

Rhododendron

Rhododendron

April

Psoralea pinnata

Psoralea pinnata

May

Fremontodendron californicum

Fremontodendron californicum

June

Leucadendron argenteum

Leucadendron argenteum

July

Crocosmia

Crocosmia

August

Gunnera tinctoria

Gunnera tinctoria

September

Pellaea rotundifolia

Pellaea rotundifolia

October

Fuchsia boliviana

Fuchsia boliviana

November

Erica canaliculata

Erica canaliculata

December

Magnolia campbelli

Magnolia campbelli

January

Magnolia denudata

Magnolia denudata

February

Camellia

Camellia

March

Geranium maderense

Geranium maderense

April

Acmena smithii

Acmena smithii

May

Eschscholzia californica

Eschscholzia californica

June

Dendromecon harfordii

Dendromecon harfordii

July

Romneya coulteri

Romneya coulteri

August

Eupatorium purpureum

Eupatorium purpureum

September

Epilobium canum sp.

Epilobium canum sp.

October

Grevillea spp.

Grevillea spp.

November

Drimys winteri

Drimys winteri

December

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